Title page for ETD etd-01052002-144152

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Goldman, Lauren Paige
URN etd-01052002-144152
Title Effects of a dietary milk or carbohydrate supplement with resistance training on body composition, muscle strength and anabolic hormones in untrained men.
Degree Master of Science
Department Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Rankin, Janet L. Walberg Committee Chair
Gwazdauskas, Francis C. Committee Member
Nickols-Richardson, Sharon M. Committee Member
  • IGF-1
  • insulin
  • testosterone
  • periodized resistance training
  • carbohydrate
Date of Defense 2001-12-10
Availability unrestricted
Twenty untrained men (18-25 y) were assigned to consume either a milk supplement (MILK) or a carbohydrate-electrolyte supplement (CHO) immediately following each resistance workout during a 10 wk resistance training program. Subjects trained 3 d/wk beginning with an intensity of 55% 1-RM and progressing to 97% 1-RM by wk 10. Muscle strength (1-RM), body composition (DEXA) and resting, fasted serum concentrations of total and free testosterone and IGF-1 were measured pre- and post-training. CHO tended to reduce, while MILK increased body weight (P = 0.10). All subjects significantly reduced percent body fat (1.1%) and significantly increased lean body mass (1.21 kg) as a result of the resistance training with no significant differences between treatments. However, MILK tended to increase lean body mass (P = 0.1) more than CHO (1.6 and 0.8 kg, respectively). About 39% of lean mass gain for all subjects was in the leg region, while the arms accounted for about 28% of lean gain. Resistance training also caused a similar significant 44% increase in muscle strength for the seven exercises combined for both groups. Resting total and free testosterone concentrations significantly decreased from baseline values in both groups of subjects (16.7% and 11%, respectively), while resting insulin concentrations significantly increased in all subjects (P<0.01). There were no significant changes in resting, fasted IGF-1 concentrations. In summary, dietary supplementation with a MILK or CHO beverage immediately following resistance exercise resulted in similar changes in muscle strength and hormone concentrations following a 10 wk periodized resistance training program. MILK tended to increase body weight and lean body mass more so than CHO.

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