Title page for ETD etd-01172006-145451

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Brogan, Kevin J.
URN etd-01172006-145451
Title Policy and Approach for Addressing the Military – Media Tension
Degree PhD
Department Public Administration and Policy
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Wolf, James F. Committee Chair
Dudley, Larkin S. Committee Member
Lane, Larry M. Committee Member
Rees, Joseph V. Committee Member
White, Thomas G. Committee Member
  • Office of War Information
  • Embedded Program
  • System of Voluntary Cooperation
  • National Media Pool
Date of Defense 2006-01-16
Availability unrestricted
Media coverage of Post-World War II military conflicts resulted in a reorganization of war coverage procedures. The predominant reason for the reorganization is the tension created within the organizational program that constantly sets one subgroup against another. This study is interested in the tension that caused the transformation of the war coverage effort as it evolved from one war to another.

This dissertation addresses how the different war coverage policies and programs were formed to manage media involvement during war. It is a descriptive account, identifying characteristics from past wars that caused the military and the media to revamp the war coverage procedures in the hope of addressing the tension inherent in their relationship. The study focuses on the organizational dimension of the war coverage program within the particular environment that influences the tension.

By exploring the war coverage practices this study determines how the military and media address their relationship during times of war drawing inferences from organizational elements to account for the contentious relationship. Specifically, this study examines the military-media relational characteristics within Richard Hall’s organizational elements. It juxtaposes the war coverage programs against the elements of organizational structure (power, authority, and conflict), and environment (munificence, complexity and dynamism). The research focuses on specific techniques and processes that the war coverage programs use to initiate these practices. In doing so, it examines how certain characteristics influence the military-media relationship.

The research uses a multiple-case study approach to explore war coverage during WW II, the Vietnam War, The Gulf War, and the Iraq War. The multiple-case study approach compares and contrasts these different war coverage procedures from both military and media perspective. Media reports, scholarly writings, and other analytical studies for each period provide the data for the research. The findings of the research are substantiated through interviews, personal journals of war correspondents, and other reports. The findings identify significant trends and patterns within and across the wars.

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