Title page for ETD etd-02398-1061

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Uzman, Burak Jr.
Author's Email Address uzman@optim.esm.vt.edu
URN etd-02398-1061
Title Thermal Analysis and Response of Grid-Stiffened Composite Panels
Degree Master of Science
Department Engineering Science and Mechanics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Gürdal, Zafer Committee Chair
Hyer, Michael W. Committee Member
Johnson, Eric R. Committee Member
  • Grid
  • Stiffened
  • Buckling
  • Composite Panels
Date of Defense 1997-09-13
Availability unrestricted
A study aimed at determining the thermal deformation response and thermal buckling loads of rectangular grid-stiffened composite panels is presented. Two edge conditions are considered for the panel, one in which all panel edges are free to deform, and another when all the edges are restrained. In the first case panel deformations due to a uniformly distributed thermal load are analyzed. In the latter case, thermal loads causing buckling failure due to the suppressed in-plane deformations are determined.

The panel is composed of a skin and a network of stiffeners, which are all made of the same graphite-epoxy composite material. Kirchhoff's Theory is used to determine the pre-buckling deformations and load distributions of the composite laminates for a panel with free to deform edges. To illustrate both the in-plane and out-of-plane deformations of plate structures under uniform thermal loads, two thermal coefficient vectors, thermal expansion and thermal bending coefficient vectors are introduced.

Linear panel buckling analysis performed by assuming a linear undeformed prebuckling state. Rayleigh-Ritz Method, which utilizes minimization of the total energy of a structure to determine the buckling loads, is used to govern the buckling analysis of composite laminates forming the panel. Lagrange Multiplier Method is used along with the Rayleigh-Ritz Method to enforce the deformation continuity constraints at discrete locations along the skin and stiffener interface.

As a result, graphical and numerical presentations of the effects of skin and stiffener laminate stacking sequences on the thermal deformations and on the thermal buckling load of the grid-stiffened panel are given.

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