Title page for ETD etd-03042009-040756

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hollinger, James G.
URN etd-03042009-040756
Title Autonomous tactile object exploration and estimation using simple sensors
Degree Master of Science
Department Electrical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Bay, John S. Committee Chair
Abbott, A. Lynn Committee Member
VanLandingham, Hugh F. Committee Member
  • Pattern recognition systems
Date of Defense 1994-05-05
Availability restricted

In order for robots to become more usefut they must be able to adapt and operate in foreign or unpredictable environments. The goal of this thesis is to present an algorithm that will enable a robot to autonomously explore its environment by touch and then estimate the shape of objects it encounters. To demonstrate the feasibility and functionality of such an algorithm, it was fully implemented on a MERLIN 6540 industrial robot. A unique compliant end-effector (consisting of a trackball mounted to a force/torque sensor on a sliding mechanism) and a fuzzy logic force controller were developed to overcome the difficulties inherent in force control on a stepper motor robot. A Kalman filter based quadric shape estimator was then used to describe the objects encountered in the MERLIN's workspace. The minimization of a cost function based on the shape estimator's uncertainty guided the robot along an exploration trajectory designed to produce the fastest converging shape estimate. Results of various exploration trials using autonomous and preprogrammed trajectories are presented. In addition to shape estimates, surface curvature measurements were also obtained. The unique end-effector that provided compliance for the force controller was also able to measure the arc length traversed on the object's surface. Arc length combined with surface orientation makes it possible to determine local surface curvature.

  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
[VT] LD5655.V855_1994.H655.pdf 2.58 Mb 00:11:56 00:06:08 00:05:22 00:02:41 00:00:13
[BTD] next to an author's name indicates that all files or directories associated with their ETD are accessible from the Virginia Tech campus network only.

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

dla home
etds imagebase journals news ereserve special collections
virgnia tech home contact dla university libraries

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.