Title page for ETD etd-04072000-12570023

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Sweeney, Anthony P.
Author's Email Address answeene@vt.edu
URN etd-04072000-12570023
Title Job Satisfaction of Employee Assistance Professionals in the United States
Degree PhD
Department Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Fortune, Jimmie C. Committee Co-Chair
Hohenshil, Thomas H. Committee Co-Chair
Brown, Michael B. Committee Member
Curcio, Claire Cole Vaught Committee Member
Talbutt, Lou Committee Member
  • counseling
  • advancement
  • Employee Assistance Program
  • job satisfation
Date of Defense 2000-03-27
Availability unrestricted
Job Satisfaction Among Employee Assistance Program Professionals

In the United States

Anthony P. Sweeney

Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy


Counselor Education

Thomas H. Hohenshil, Co-Chair

Jimmie C. Fortune, Co-Chair

Claire Cole Vaught

Lou Talbutt

M. B. Brown

March 27, 2000

Blacksburg, Virginia

Keywords: Employee Assistance, EAP, Job Satisfaction, Advancement

Copyright 2000, Anthony P. Sweeney

Job Satisfaction Among Employee Assistance Program Professionals

In the United States

Anthony P. Sweeney


This study was designed to examine and describe the levels of job satisfaction, the sources of job satisfaction and the relationship between the variables in a national sample of employee assistance program (EAP) professionals. The sample for this study consisted of EAP professionals who worked full-time, and who were members of the Employee Assistance Professionals Association.

Data were collected through mailed surveys consisting of and an Individual Information Form and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). A total of 354 EAP professionals were mailed survey materials. This mailing resulted in 211 completed returns.

Overall, EAP professionals indicated that they were moderately satisfied with their jobs. MSQ questionnaire results show that 9% of respondents scored in the very satisfied category, and 71% scored in the satisfied category. The average MSQ total score was within the satisfied range.

Demographic variables had mixed results on job satisfaction. EAP external organization respondents were, as a group, more satisfied with their jobs than those respondents who worked in an internal EAP. Age, gender, race of respondent, rural versus non-rural work setting and national certification/recognition had no statistically significant impact on job satisfaction.

Several recommendations and implications were drawn from the study. These included the need for open lines of communication with regard to career advancement and company policies; gender inequity issues are seen as barriers to job satisfaction and the masters degree is seen as the logical choice for the entry level EAP professional.

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