Title page for ETD etd-04252011-205951

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Ickes, Caroline Nicole
URN etd-04252011-205951
Title Memory and Neoliberal Discourses in Chile
Degree Master of Public and International Affairs
Department Public and International Affairs
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Luke, Timothy W. Committee Co-Chair
Thadhani, Rupa G. Committee Co-Chair
Zanotti, Laura Committee Member
  • neoliberalism
  • Latin American political economy
  • memory
Date of Defense 2011-04-18
Availability unrestricted
Deemed “The Chilean Miracle,” President Pinochet under a campaign of violence and terror effectively transitioned the socialist Chilean economy to one of South America‟s most prosperous capitalist economies. Most recently, Chilean entrepreneur, Sebastían Piñera, won the country‟s executive office on a campaign of neoliberal expansion in hopes of economic growth and the elimination of poverty. If this election is an indication of Chile‟s acceptance of aggressive neoliberal policies, then how has the memory of neoliberalism become detached from its violent beginning? Has Pinochet‟s legacy been (re)constructed in Chilean collective memory? This paper aims to explore this question in two ways. First, it examines ideological formations in Chilean political rhetoric that serve to conceal and transform political memory through discursive structures. Second, it investigates how political rhetoric transformed state violence through a re-narrativization of neoliberalism, which effectively detached neoliberalism from its violent initiation and (re)constructed it as a means of reconciliation and recovery. The findings of this paper suggest that Chilean memory has been (re)constructed for political and economic purposes, which conceal reality and deny alterity.
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