Title page for ETD etd-05042010-020309

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Bethard, Greg L
URN etd-05042010-020309
Title Effect of energy and undegraded intake protein on growth and feed efficiency of growing Holstein heifers
Degree Master of Science
Department Dairy Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
James, Robert E. Committee Chair
McGilliard, Michael L. Committee Member
Nebel, Raymond L. Committee Member
Polan, Carl E. Committee Member
  • Holstein-Friesian cattle
Date of Defense 1994-09-30
Availability restricted
Two trials using 32 heifers each evaluated response to undegraded intake protein (UIP) (30 or SO% CP), energy (supporting .S9 or .91 kg ADG), and source of UIP (blood meal or combination protein supplement). Trial one was a 2x2 factorial, with two levels of energy and UIP. High UIP was achieved with blood meal supplementation.

From 6-13 mo of age (phase I), high energy increased ADG and DMI, and high UIP decreased DMI. DM efficiencies (kg DMIlkg BW gain) improved with high energy and high UIP, and roN efficiencies (kg IDN/kg BW gain) improved with high UIP. From 13 mo until calving (phase n), heifers were housed together and fed a common diet. Low energy, high UIP treatment had the highest ADG (1.01 kg/day) for phase I, but the lowest for phase n (.33 kg/day), and low energy, low UIP treatment had the lowest ADG (.62 kg/day) for phase I, but the highest for phase n (.S3 kg/day). Overall ADG from 6 mo until calving averaged .S9 kg/day, and was not affected by energy or UIP. In trial 2, two levels of energy and two sources ofUIP were compared, resulting in four treatments: low energy, high UIP with combination protein supplement; low energy, high UIP with blood meal; low energy, low VIP with soybean meal; and high energy, low UIP with soybean meal. Combination protein supplement contained blood meal, com gluten meal, and fish meal. Trial was 300 days long, and began at 6.5 mo. of age. Dry matter intake and ADO were increased with high energy, but not affected by VIP. Overall DM efficiency was not affected by VIP or energy level. Results of both trials indicate VIP may improve feed efficiency of growing Holstein heifers.

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