Title page for ETD etd-05052009-092059

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Stacklin, Laura Rose
URN etd-05052009-092059
Title Comparing Candidate and Clinical Faculty Cognitive Effect, Cognitive Affect, and Perceived Behaviors During Formal Mentoring
Degree Master of Science In the Life Sciences
Department Agricultural and Extension Education
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Broyles, Thomas W. Committee Chair
Westfall-Rudd, Donna M. Committee Member
Whittington, M. Susie Committee Member
  • Expressed behavior
  • Problem solving style
  • Cognitive effect
  • Wanted behavior
  • Cognitive affect
  • Protégé
  • Behavior
  • Mentor
  • Interpersonal needs
  • Clinical faculty
  • Candidate
Date of Defense 2009-04-22
Availability restricted
Many vital components of clinical practice including placement of candidate with clinical faculty remain unaddressed in current research. Missing from formal mentoring research is recognition of the best-quality way to pair mentors and protégés in order for both parties to receive the most benefits from the relationship. Mentoring has been shown to be foundational to the retention of career and technical education teachers making mentoring especially critical.

The candidate population for the study included students enrolled in clinical practice during the spring of 2009 in agricultural education certification programs at 14 different universities. Findings using a matched pairs t-tests were conducted to reach the heart of the study, the dyadic mentoring relationships between candidate and clinical faculty. Cognitive effect, an indicator of problem solving style was not found to be a significant factor in the study. However, cognitive affect, an indicator of interpersonal orientation found many significant differences. Significance was found at the 0.05 level in the areas of candidate expressed inclusion and clinical faculty wanted inclusion (t=5.27), candidate expressed total and clinical faculty wanted total (t=3.88), candidate wanted control and clinical faculty expressed control (t=-2.97). Significance was also found at the 0.01 level of significance for candidate wanted total and clinical faculty expressed total (t=-2.37). In the area of behavior a matched pairs t-test determined perceived psychosocial support (t=-2.86) and perceived total support (t=-2.32) to be significant.

Mentoring and clinical practice are extremely dynamic constructs as many different influences are present from personal preferences to the way people naturally and holistically function. When universities identify clinical faculty, attention should be paid to the matching of dyads in order to emulate an informal mentoring experience to the greatest extent possible. Although mentoring is extremely complex, the research indicates promise for agreement and promise for continued research to benefit not only individuals, but our entire profession.  

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