Title page for ETD etd-05062003-214711

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Gershenoff, Amy Beth
URN etd-05062003-214711
Title Individual Differences and Leader Emergence in a Transformational Context: An Examination of Person and Process
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Foti, Roseanne J. Committee Chair
Donovan, John J. Committee Member
Finney, Jack W. Committee Member
Hauenstein, Neil M. A. Committee Member
Sgro, Joseph A. Committee Member
  • Leadership Emergence
  • Transformational Leadership
  • Pattern Approach
  • Leadership Process
Date of Defense 2003-05-01
Availability unrestricted
The primary purpose of this research was to extend current knowledge of the individual differences that are traditionally associated with leadership emergence and to determine whether the individuals characterized by individual differences attributed to transformational leaders were also likely to emerge as a leader in a leaderless group. Leadership behaviors and followers’ perceptions of emergent leadership of individuals with Ross and Offermann’s (1997) enabling and forceful personality patterns were examined in an emergence setting that facilitates transformational leadership. A secondary purpose of this research was to further our knowledge of the process of leadership. The leadership process defined by Lord and his associates (Lord, Fot & Phillips, 1982; Lord, Foti & DeVader., 1984) was expanded to include relevant elements of Mischel’s theory of personality (Mischel, 1999). The contextual influence of the task situation and feedback from others were examined. Individuals did not differ on transformational leadership behavior, but forceful individuals did exhibit a greater proportion of initiating structure behaviors than other individuals and were rated highest on leadership. In addition, there was no evidence of changes in the leadership process due to feedback based on the perceptions of others. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed.
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