Title page for ETD etd-05092003-090738

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Sinclair, Andrea L.
Author's Email Address asinclair@vt.edu
URN etd-05092003-090738
Title Disentangling Contributions of Process Elements to the Fair Process Effect: A Policy-Capturing Approach
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Hauenstein, Neil M. A. Committee Chair
Carlson, Kevin D. Committee Member
Donovan, John J. Committee Member
Foti, Roseanne J. Committee Member
Muffo, John A. Committee Member
  • organizational justice
  • fair process effect
Date of Defense 2003-05-05
Availability unrestricted
Recent research on organizational justice suggests

3 elements of process-related justice: procedural,

interpersonal, and informational justice. Early

research on the fair process effect indicates that

fair procedures in general can help to ameliorate

the effects of negative outcomes. This study

examined the relative importance of each specific

process element in accounting for the fair

process effect. In addition, this study examined

whether there are substitutable effects among the

process elements such that high fairness on one

element substitutes for low fairness on another

element. Administrative Assistants working at a

university read 48 hypothetical profiles

describing a supervisor's procedural,interpersonal

and informational justice behaviors in handling a

negative job-related outcome. Administrative

Assistants provided overall judgments of the

fairness of the situation. The policy capturing

analysis indicated that the weights given to the

fairness cues varied somewhat across individuals.

Hierarchical cluster analysis indicated that

participants' fairness policies could be grouped

into 3 homogenous clusters: two "main effects

clusters" and an "interaction cluster." The first

main effects cluster equally weighted procedural,

interpersonal and informational justice in their

overall fairness evaluations. The second main

effects cluster favored procedural justice over

the other two forms of justice. Finally,

participants in the interaction cluster utilized

the three two-way interactions between the forms

of justice. Between-subject analyses indicated

that the available demographic and background

variables were not related to the judges'

policies. Research and practical implications

are discussed.

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