Title page for ETD etd-05092012-163858

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Carmack, Andrew Cardin
Author's Email Address acarmack@vt.edu
URN etd-05092012-163858
Title Heat Transfer and Flow Measurements in Gas Turbine Engine Can and Annular Combustors
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ekkad, Srinath V. Committee Chair
Lattimer, Brian Y. Committee Member
O'Brien, Walter F. Jr. Committee Member
  • Swirler
  • Combustor liner cooing
  • Infrared Thermal Imaging
  • Dry Low Emission (DLE) combustors
Date of Defense 2012-04-25
Availability unrestricted
A comparison study between axial and radial swirler performance in a gas turbine can combustor was conducted by investigating the correlation between combustor flow field geometry and convective heat transfer at cold flow conditions for Reynolds numbers of 50,000 and 80,000. Flow velocities were measured using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) along the center axial plane and radial cross sections of the flow. It was observed that both swirlers produced a strong rotating flow with a reverse flow core. The axial swirler induced larger recirculation zones at both the backside wall and the central area as the flow exits the swirler, and created a much more uniform rotational velocity distribution. The radial swirler however, produced greater rotational velocity as well as a thicker and higher velocity reverse flow core. Wall heat transfer and temperature measurements were also taken. Peak heat transfer regions directly correspond to the location of the flow as it exits each swirler and impinges on the combustor liner wall.

Convective heat transfer was also measured along the liner wall of a gas turbine annular combustor fitted with radial swirlers for Reynolds numbers 210000, 420000, and 840000. The impingement location of the flow exiting from the radial swirler resulted in peak heat transfer regions along the concave wall of the annular combustor. The convex side showed peak heat transfer regions above and below the impingement area. This behavior is due to the recirculation zones caused by the interaction between the swirlers inside the annulus.

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