Title page for ETD etd-05122011-215647

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Booker, Jordan Ashton
URN etd-05122011-215647
Title Is self-worth related to affective social competence with positive emotions in children diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder?
Degree Master of Science
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Dunsmore, Julie C. Committee Chair
Axsom, Daniel K. Committee Member
Ollendick, Thomas H. Committee Member
  • positive emotions
  • self-worth
  • competence
  • oppositional defiant disorder
Date of Defense 2011-04-29
Availability unrestricted
Self-worth is a global self-evaluation of one’s value as a person (Harter & Whitsell, 2003). Self-worth in children may be influenced by affective social competence (ASC), which involves abilities to effectively express, identify, and manage emotions when interacting with others (Halberstadt, Denham, & Dunsmore, 2001). Children diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) are likely to have poorer social competence (Burns et al., 2009). ODD is a commonly diagnosed, disruptive behavior disorder in children that involves symptoms of excessive argumentativeness, defiance, and anger (Loney & Lima, 2003; Pfiffner, McBurnett, Rathouz, & Judice, 2005). Children with ODD often report a lower sense of self-worth than non-diagnosed peers. Because experiencing positive emotions may be linked with emotional buffering from stressors and may bolster positive characteristics in individuals (Fredrickson, 2003), I studied components of ASC in regard to positive emotions in children with ODD. With 86 parent-child dyads, children’s ability to recognize, encourage, and express emotions was studied alongside parents’ reports of children’s emotion regulation in relation to children’s reports of perceived self-worth. Components of ASC were expected to be positively associated with children’s perceptions of self-worth. However, results did not support these expectations. Discussion focuses on methods and future research.
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