Title page for ETD etd-05182010-214948


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Newman, Andrew Samuel
Author's Email Address asnew@vt.edu
URN etd-05182010-214948
Title Performance of a Showerhead and Shaped Hole Film Cooled Vane at High Freestream Turbulence and Transonic Conditions
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ng, Wing F. Committee Chair
Ekkad, Srinath V. Committee Co-Chair
Diller, Thomas E. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Film Cooling
  • Gas Turbines
  • High Freestream Turbulence
  • Shaped Hole
  • Transonic Cascade
  • Heat Transfer
Date of Defense 2010-05-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
An experimental study was performed to measure surface Nusselt number and film cooling effectiveness on a film cooled first stage nozzle guide vane using a transient thin film gauge (TFG) technique. The information presented attempts to further characterize the performance of shaped hole film cooling by taking measurements on a row of shaped holes downstream of leading edge showerhead injection on both the pressure and suction surfaces (hereafter PS and SS) of a 1st stage NGV. Tests were performed at engine representative Mach and Reynolds numbers and high inlet turbulence intensity and large length scale at the Virginia Tech Transonic Cascade facility. Three exit Mach/Reynolds number conditions were tested: 1.0/1,400,000; 0.85/1,150,000; and 0.60/850,000 where Reynolds number is based on exit conditions and vane chord. At Mach/Reynolds numbers of 1.0/1,450,000 and 0.85/1,150,000 three blowing ratio conditions were tested: BR = 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0. At a Mach/Reynolds number of 0.60/850,000, two blowing ratio conditions were tested: BR = 1.5 and 2.0. All tests were performed at inlet turbulence intensity of 12% and length scale normalized by leading edge diameter of 0.28. Film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer results compared well with previously published data, showing a marked effectiveness improvement (up to 2.5x) over the showerhead only NGV and agreement with published showerhead-shaped hole data. NHFR was shown to increase substantially (average 2.6x increase) with the addition of shaped holes, with only a small increase (average 1.6x increase) in required coolant mass flow. Heat transfer and effectiveness augmentation with increasing blowing ratio was shown on the pressure side, however the suction side was shown to be less sensitive to changing blowing ratio. Boundary layer transition location was shown to be within a consistent region on the suction side regardless of blowing ratio and exit Mach number.
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