Title page for ETD etd-05222007-091306

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Hairston, Lester Bernard
URN etd-05222007-091306
Title A study of industrial arts education programs in Virginia for blacks, 1951-1969
Degree Doctor of Education
Department Vocational and Technical Education
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Hunt, Thomas C. Committee Co-Chair
Pinder, Charles A. Committee Co-Chair
Asche, F. Marion Committee Member
Creamer, Donald G. Committee Member
Zody, Richard E. Committee Member
  • Industrial arts Virginia.
  • African Americans Education Virginia.
Date of Defense 1986-08-15
Availability restricted
The famous decision of the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education, 347 US. 483 (1954), ruled that racial segregation in public education was constitutional. This decision was met with resistance from many of Virginia's white citizens, because the ruling attempted to alter the state's dual system of education.

The education of white and colored students (as they were called in the 1950's) was based on the philosophy of "separate but equal ..." This study offers a historical analysis of industrial arts education programs offered to blacks from 1951-69, as the state moved to comply with the Brown decision. Special attention is directed to the leadership role played by Dr. William T. Reed, an itinerant teacher-trainer based at Virginia State College, the Commonwealth's land-grant institution for blacks. Industrial arts activities for blacks centered around the land-grant institution in Virginia as in other states.

As a result of integration called for in Brown many of the black schools have closed, their names have changed, and in many cases high schools have converted to junior high and combination schools. The organizations for teachers and students have merged with their white counterparts or have been discontinued. Four specific questions served as the framework for the investigation and were used to draw conclusions to the findings.

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