Title page for ETD etd-05252005-210603

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Aldaihani, Sultan
Author's Email Address dai7ani@vt.edu
URN etd-05252005-210603
Title Supervisors’ Attitudes toward Family Involvement in Kuwait Middle Schools
Degree PhD
Department Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Crockett, Jean B. Committee Chair
Bodenhorn, Nancy E. Committee Member
Driscoll, Lisa G. Committee Member
Salmon, Richard G. Committee Member
  • Middle Schools
  • Supervisors and Head Teachers
  • Kuwait
  • Family Involvement
Date of Defense 2005-05-12
Availability unrestricted
This quantitative descriptive study investigated the attitudes of educational supervisors (i.e., head teachers) in Kuwaiti middle schools toward the involvement of families in the education of their adolescent children. Joyce Epstein’s model of family involvement (1996c) provided the theoretical framework. A survey instrument, Supervisor’s Attitudes toward Family Involvement in Kuwait Middle Schools, was adapted and translated into the Arabic language to collect data from male and female Kuwaiti middle schools supervisors in the six school districts.

As anticipated, the results of this study identified (a) any significant differences, by gender and district, in attitudes about family involvement among Kuwaiti middle school supervisors; (b) the level of responsibility for encouraging family-school relationships among administrators, teachers, parents, and students; (c) the level of importance of different types of family involvement; (d) the barriers preventing families from being more involved in their children's middle schools in Kuwait; and (e) the degree of importance of each type of educational involvement for family participation during their children's middle school years.

Independent sample t-tests were conducted to compare the mean scores by gender for supervisors’ attitudes. One–way ANOVA was conducted to determine whether there were significant differences in the mean scores by district. The results indicated there were no significant differences in supervisors’ attitudes by geographical district. There were some significant differences in supervisors’ attitudes toward family involvement by gender. These findings might be related to traditional culture that affects women in Arabic societies, including the Kuwaiti community.

Frequency distributions were calculated to determine the participants’ responses to the subsequent research questions. The results indicated that administrators and families were perceived as more responsible for initiating family involvement than supervisors, teachers, and students. All six types of family involvement in Epstein’s model (1996c) were important to the supervisors. Lack of time was a serious barrier to family involvement for both teachers and parents and the perceived problem of parent-adolescent conflict during later childhood was an additional barrier. Providing a home environment that supported learning, regular communication with teachers and administrators, and assisting students at home were considered to be highly important.

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