Title page for ETD etd-06122001-160933

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Metcalf, Sara Catherine
Author's Email Address smetcalf@vt.edu, cmetcalf@pinehurst.net
URN etd-06122001-160933
Title A Needs Assessment of North Carolina School Psychological Services, Moving Toward the Ideal
Degree Doctor of Education
Department Teaching and Learning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Harris, Larry A. Committee Chair
Burton, John K. Committee Member
Niles, Jerome A. Committee Member
Tripp, Norman Wayne Committee Member
Yardley, Dianne R. Committee Member
  • North Carolina
  • needs assessment
  • school psychology
Date of Defense 2001-05-24
Availability unrestricted
A Needs Assessment of North Carolina School Psychological Services,

Moving Toward the Ideal



Sara Catherine Metcalf

Chair: Larry Harris

Department of Teaching and Learning



Basic information has not been available about which psychological services school psychologists view as most important for the children enrolled in North Carolina public schools. This study was conducted to a) present an accurate portrait of the services currently provided by North Carolina school psychologists, b) report what school psychologists say they should be doing, and c) develop recommendations for policy changes that will provide a basis for moving toward improved services in the field.

School psychologists practicing in North Carolina were surveyed in phase I of this study to determine what services they currently provide (actual services) and what services they believe should be provided (ideal services) to benefit children. Services were ranked on level of importance. Respondents were also asked to comment on school psychological services in North Carolina as well as for suggestions to improve services. Demographic information was collected. In phase II of this study, survey findings were presented to a panel of experts in the field of school psychology who followed group process procedures to determine priorities and recommend appropriate next steps.

This study found the largest gaps between actual and ideal functioning in the survey categories of Consultation and Relationships to Other Professionals. Interventions, evaluations for special education services, and consultation, were rated among the most important services. Survey respondents made suggestions for the improvement of services including reducing the testing load and increasing the number of psychologists. The expert panel placed accountability through communication as highest priority for action leading toward improved services.

Recommendations to improve school psychological services in North Carolina were made for the North Carolina School Psychology Association (NCSPA), local education agencies (LEAs), and school psychologists. Recommendations for NCSPA included a.) appointing a task force to organize and lead efforts to increase policymaker and stakeholder knowledge regarding psychological services, b.) recruiting school systems for the purpose of conducting pilot studies to further investigate ways to close gaps between actual and ideal services, c.) providing guidance for increasing effective communication among North Carolina school psychologists. LEAs were encouraged to conduct needs assessments of their own, and recommendations for school psychologists included individual ways to increase consultation and intervention. Further research recommendations were also made.


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