Title page for ETD etd-06232009-063317

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author LePera, Stephen Damian
URN etd-06232009-063317
Title An experimental study of controlled gas phase synthesis of nanosize TO2 powders
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Vandsburger, Uri Committee Chair
Roby, Richard J. Committee Member
Roe, Larry A. Committee Member
  • Nanoparticles.
Date of Defense 1994-10-04
Availability restricted

Recently there has been an increased interest in the generation of ceranlic powders composed ofnanosize particles with a narrow size-distribution and high purity. It has been shown that ceramics sintered from these ultrafine partic1es exhibit improved mechanical and electrical properties. The present research has attempted to control the growth of the ceramic particles in a relatively simple continuous flow process by placing charges on the forming particles and controlling their evolution with an electric field.

Nanosize Ti02 powder was produced using a multi-stream, co-annular reactor. The heat source was a cylindrical H2/02 diffusion flame located around the outside of reaction zone. The effect on the powder size, shape, and size distribution due to particle charging, applied electric fields, and varying reactant concentrations were investigated.

The temperature field within the reaction zone was uniform radially and ramped axially from 600 to 1100 K. The reactant stream passed through a 10 millicurie Po-21 0 alpha source within the burner with the intention of creating a bipolar ion concentration. In the presence of an electric field, this ionization can lead to either a unipolar-negative or unipolar-positive particle charging environnlent. The electric field across the reaction zone was varied in an attempt to control particle residence time.

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