Title page for ETD etd-07052005-170008

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Herrmann, Christine
Author's Email Address herrmacm@gmail.com
URN etd-07052005-170008
Title Estimating Joint Torques on a Biodex System 3 Dynamometer
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Madigan, Michael L. Committee Chair
Granata, Kevin P. Committee Member
Nussbaum, Maury A. Committee Member
  • isometric
  • dynamometer
  • isokinetic
Date of Defense 2005-05-11
Availability restricted
The purpose of this investigation is to propose a method for determining resultant joint moments from a Biodex System 3 isokinetic dynamometer. Previous investigations using a dynamometers determined that measured moments from a dynamometer do not equate to the moment applied by the joint. Using Biodex System 3 dimensions and equipment, the proposed method corrects for gravity, acceleration and inertia moments, and relative angular movement between the dynamometer and the joint axis of rotation for the knee and ankle. The current method includes gravitations correction using a 3rd order polyfit method to a 4°/s passive trial, and inclusion of inertial moments from the dynamometer arm and limb segment. A method is also proposed to correct for gravitational moments, acceleration and inertia moments, and distal joint moments while testing the hip.

Previously proposed methods are then compared to the proposed method in isometric and isokinetic exertions. The comparison to a known moment concluded that the results for the isometric exertion are accurate for the proposed method. If the torque measurements from the dynamometer are independent of the velocity, as reported by the manufacturer, the validation of the proposed method for isometric testing holds true for isokinetic as well. The results from isokinetic testing show reasonable results for determining the resultant joint moments.

The proposed method can be simplified for clinical or experimental testing. If inertial and acceleration moments are not of concern, than using the propsed gravitational correction will account for the COM (Center of Mass). No additional measurements of the limb segement and dynamometer attachment are needed. The proposed method is recommended for Biodex System 3 isokinetic dynamometer correction in obtaining resultant joint moments at the knee, ankle, and hip.

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