Title page for ETD etd-07082010-020140

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Gilliam, Charles Homer
URN etd-07082010-020140
Title Some aspects of nitrogen nutrition on selected Ilex.
Degree PhD
Department Horticulture
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Wright, Robert D. Committee Chair
Barden, John A. Committee Member
Donohue, Stephen J. Committee Member
George, M. F. Committee Member
Reneau, Raymond B. Jr. Committee Member
  • Hollies
Date of Defense 1977-09-05
Availability restricted

Three holly cultivars, Ilex crenata, Thunb. 'Helleri' and 'Rotundifolia' and Ilex cornuta Lindl. et Paxt. 'Burfordi' were grown in 3 liter containers at 200, 300, 400 and 500 ppm nitrogen (N). Significant correlation coefficients were found between plant growth (dry wt accumulation) and both leaf N content and soil solution nitrates, while low correlation coefficients were found between soil nitrates and plant growth. Shoot growth of 'Helleri' and 'Burfordi' was not increased by N levels higher than 300 ppm while 400 ppm N was optimal for 'Rotundifolia'.

The effects of 3N levels on tissue N fluctuations during a flush of growth on 'Helleri' were also studied. For all N levels, tissue N levels were shown to increase following the cessation of stem elongation until a level of tissue N was reached where a new flush of growth began. These N levels were approx the same for all N treatments. The time necessary to reach this level was dependent on the level of N added; 5 weeks for 300 ppm, 13 weeks for 150 ppm and 18 weeks for 50 ppm N. Once new growth began, tissue N levels began to decrease.

The response of 'Helleri' to 15 fertilizer treatments consisting of different time and lengths was studied. Fertilizer applied during a period following the cessation of stem elongation and before the next flush resulted in greater total N and shoot growth, regardless of whether it was also applied during other weeks or not. Root growth was suppressed by 3 or more fertilizer applications, regardless of the time of application.

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