Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Kish, George Alexander URN etd-08012012-040303 Title Legitimation crisis and the reforms in the non-socialist sector of the Hungarian economy in the 1980's Degree Master of Arts Department Political Science Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Luke, Timothy W. Committee Chair Payne, Rhys C. Committee Member Rummel, Lynette G. Committee Member Keywords
- Social problems
Date of Defense 1988-12-08 Availability restricted AbstractHungary has garnered much international attention throughout this decade due to the program of
economic reforms undertaken by the Kadar regime. In particular, the introduction of new regulations
which have for the first time permitted the development of small-scale private enterprise in
the official economy, the tolerance shown towards some activities in the unofficial economy, and
also the success of small-scale private agriculture have prompted a discussion concerning the increasing
role of private initiative in socialist Hungary. Attention has also been focused on the impact
of these reforms upon the stature of the Kadar regime, and whether or not they have provided a
measure of popular legitimation for it. The amazing transformation of Kadar from traitor of the
revolution to the popular reformist of Eastern Europe has been unique among the socialist states.
Equally fascinating was his quick fall from grace in 1988. The recent reforms in the non-socialist
sector in the Hungarian economy will be examined in terms of the model of bureaucratic centralism,
as put forward by Andrew Arato, and the crisis of legitimacy it posits.
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