Title page for ETD etd-08012012-040303

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Kish, George Alexander
URN etd-08012012-040303
Title Legitimation crisis and the reforms in the non-socialist sector of the Hungarian economy in the 1980's
Degree Master of Arts
Department Political Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Luke, Timothy W. Committee Chair
Payne, Rhys C. Committee Member
Rummel, Lynette G. Committee Member
  • Social problems
Date of Defense 1988-12-08
Availability restricted
Hungary has garnered much international attention throughout this decade due to the program of

economic reforms undertaken by the Kadar regime. In particular, the introduction of new regulations

which have for the first time permitted the development of small-scale private enterprise in

the official economy, the tolerance shown towards some activities in the unofficial economy, and

also the success of small-scale private agriculture have prompted a discussion concerning the increasing

role of private initiative in socialist Hungary. Attention has also been focused on the impact

of these reforms upon the stature of the Kadar regime, and whether or not they have provided a

measure of popular legitimation for it. The amazing transformation of Kadar from traitor of the

revolution to the popular reformist of Eastern Europe has been unique among the socialist states.

Equally fascinating was his quick fall from grace in 1988. The recent reforms in the non-socialist

sector in the Hungarian economy will be examined in terms of the model of bureaucratic centralism,

as put forward by Andrew Arato, and the crisis of legitimacy it posits.

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