Title page for ETD etd-08032007-142139

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Abo-Qudais, Saad A.
URN etd-08032007-142139
Title Mechanistic service life prediction of rigid pavement joint sealant : a new laboratory testing technique
Degree PhD
Department Civil Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Al-Qadi, Imadeddin L. Committee Chair
Walker, Richard D. Committee Member
Ward, Thomas C. Committee Member
Weyers, Richard E. Committee Member
Wightman, James P. Committee Member
  • sealants
Date of Defense 1995-01-11
Availability restricted

A new method to evaluate the performance of sealants used in rigid pavement joints was developed. A special fixture, attached to a servo-hydraulic testing machine, was designed to transfer applied cyclic shear deflection to a sealant sandwiched between two 51 x 51 x 51 mm portland cement concrete (PCC) cubes at a constant horizontal deflection. The new testing method simulates field conditions where shear deflection is caused by vehicular loading, while horizontal deflection is caused by slabs contraction or expansion due to temperature variation. Two commercially available, a low modulus silicone (sealant A) and a polyurethane (sealant B), one-component sealant types were evaluated at different joint widths, number of freezing and thawing cycles, and horizontal deflections. Two types of aggregates were used in the PCC mixes to evaluate the effect of aggregate on sealant performance. A limited number of specimens were evaluated for sealant failure using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) was used to estimate the viscoelastic properties of sealants.

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