Title page for ETD etd-08072000-14030039

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Gratias, Melissa B.
Author's Email Address mgratias@alumni.wfu.edu
URN etd-08072000-14030039
Title Leader Effectiveness among Patterns of Personality Types and Creativity Styles
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Foti, Roseanne J. Committee Chair
Cooper, Robin K. Panneton Committee Member
Donovan, John J. Committee Member
Hauenstein, Neil M. A. Committee Member
Singh, Kusum Committee Member
  • Psychological Type
  • Creative Style
  • Leadership Effectiveness
  • Patterns
Date of Defense 2000-07-10
Availability unrestricted

In the current study, a person-centered approach was taken to the examination of the relation between leader effectiveness and personality preferences. Type Theory and Adaption-Innovation Theory precepts were examined in tandem using cluster analytic techniques in order to discover whether past variable-centered findings relating these two theories would generalize to a person-centered examination. Eight patterns were hypothesized to emerge from the cluster analysis based on past correlational research, and three of these patterns were present in the seven-cluster solution.

Leader effectiveness was measured in terms of multisource ratings on Benchmarks™. Hypotheses were proposed based on past variable-centered research examining the relations between Jungian personality types and self, superior, peer, and subordinate ratings of leader effectiveness. Some support was found for the variable-centered predictions, but the pattern-focused approach provided insight into the dynamics of the five personality preferences examined as well as suggested that indicators other than what would be predicted based on variable-centered studies may contribute to perceptions of leader effectiveness. Overall, the results of this study show that, taken together, variable and person-centered approaches to research may help strengthen the sometimes fragile relationship between personality and leader effectiveness.

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