Title page for ETD etd-08082007-161842

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Hoffman, Kristi L.
URN etd-08082007-161842
Title Physical violence and psychological abuse among siblings :a theoretical and empirical analysis
Degree PhD
Department Sociology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Edwards, John N. Committee Chair
Bayer, Alan E. Committee Member
Demo, David H. Committee Member
Fuller, Theodore D. Committee Member
Kiecolt, K. Jill Committee Member
Miethe, Terance D. Committee Member
  • feminist theory
  • sibling violence
  • psychological abuse
  • family violence
  • social learning theory
  • conflict theory
Date of Defense 1996-09-15
Availability restricted

This study develops and evaluates a theoretical model based on social learning, conflict, and feminist perspectives to explain teenage sibling physical violence and psychological abuse. Using regression analysis and data from 796 young adults, considerable support is found for all three theoretical approaches and suggests an integrated model best predicts acts of violence and abuse among siblings. For physical violence, males and brothers had significantly higher rates. Spousal verbal conflict, patriarchal attitudes towards the distribution of chores among siblings, attitudes approving of the use of physical force during an argument, and sibling verbal conflict were strongly related to sibling violence. For psychological abuse, neither gender nor sibling pair was significant. The most important predictors for abuse were a close maternal relationship, favoritism, parents yelling, sharing property I psychological stress, patriarchal attitudes towards chores, approval of violence, and sibling verbal conflict. The model explains considerably more of the variance in teenage sibling psychological abuse than physical violence, 42 percent and 32 percent respectively. Finally, the study provides directions for future research on sibling violence and abuse.

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