Title page for ETD etd-08292008-063300

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Garst, Amy S.
URN etd-08292008-063300
Title In-vitro developmental potential of bovine oocytes obtained by transvaginal follicular aspiration as related to their morphological quality and after microinjection of DNA
Degree Master of Science
Department Dairy Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Gwazdauskas, Francis C. Committee Chair
Akers, Robert Michael Committee Member
Pearson, Ronald E. Committee Member
Vinson, William E. Committee Member
  • transvaginal follicular aspiration
  • DNA microinjection
  • bovine oocytes
  • in-vitro embryo culture
  • blastocyst
Date of Defense 1996-09-15
Availability restricted

The development of oocytes of differing quality retrieved using transvaginal follicular aspiration (TVFA) and following DNA injection was examined. Eight cows were subjected to twice weekly TVF A for 16 wk. Oocytes retrieved were graded and placed in an in-vitro maturation, fertilization and co-culture (IVMIIVFIIVC) program. Two thirds of oocytes were injected with DNA. Good quality oocytes from slaughtered cows (SH) were obtained once monthly and processed the same way. Good quality TVF A oocytes had a higher mean development score than poor quality oocytes, but not different from that of good quality SH oocytes. Good quality TVF A oocytes produced more viable embryos (31.7% blastocysts) than poor quality oocytes or SH oocytes (12.8% and 20.4% blastocysts, respectively). Embryo development following injection of DNA was the same for oocytes for each source-quality group (TVF A-good, 8.4; TVF A-poor, 5.5; SH-good, 6.3 % blastocysts). Development of good quality TVFA oocytes increased during the last 9 wk of the 16 wk collection period. Poor oocyte development increased slightly to 9 wk and then decreased. Development of TVF A oocytes injected with DNA did not vary during the experiment. However, development of controls increased from a mean score of2.50 at wk 1 to 4.17 at wk 16. Oocytes from TVFA produced more PCR positive blastocysts (95.0%) than SH oocytes (61.5%). More calves were born from the transfer of embryos injected with DNA from TVF A oocytes (3/5) than from SH oocytes (116), although not statistically significant. One calf was PCR positive in bone-marrow, but was negative in other tissues. The use of oocytes obtained by TVF A may improve the efficiency of producing transgenic cattle.

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