Title page for ETD etd-09292006-143403

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Milne, Jason Syme
URN etd-09292006-143403
Title An Identity Theory of Role Exit among Soccer Referees
Degree PhD
Department Sociology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Kiecolt, K. Jill Committee Chair
Calasanti, Toni M. Committee Member
Fuller, Theodore D. Committee Member
Snyder, Harvey Committee Member
  • identities
  • role exit
  • referees
  • soccer
Date of Defense 2006-09-15
Availability unrestricted
This study examines how identity processes affect role exit. I test a model of role exit that situates the identity processes of cognitive processes (reflected appraisals and social comparisons), rewards and costs related to the role, commitment to the role, and identity centrality as mediating factors between role-set and social characteristic background factors, and role exit. Using a sample of 940 current and former soccer referees in Virginia and the District of Columbia, the results show that several role-set background factors and social characteristics affect role exit. However, identity processes explain some of the effect that the background factors have on role exit. The results have implications for identity theory and role exit theory and for helping referee organizations understand why referees quit.
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