Title page for ETD etd-10212005-123005

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Heltzel, Carl E.
URN etd-10212005-123005
Title Structural and synthetic studies of bioactive natural products
Degree PhD
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Kingston, David G. I. Committee Chair
Bell, Harold M. Committee Member
Castagnoli, Neal Jr. Committee Member
Merola, Joseph S. Committee Member
Taylor, Larry T. Committee Member
  • Plant bioactive compounds
Date of Defense 1993-10-26
Availability restricted
Bioassay directed fractionation of the methyl ethyl ketone extract of Crescentia cujete resulted in the isolation of nine bioactive compounds, and detailed spectroscopic interpretation led to the assignment of their structures as (2S,3S)-3-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy dehydroiso-α-Iapachone [2.10], (2R)-5,6- dimethoxydehydroiso-α-Iapachone [2.11], (2R)-5-methoxy dehydroiso-alapachone [2.12], 5-hydroxy-2-(1'-hydroxyethyl)naphtho[2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.13], 2-(1 '-hydroxyethyl)naphtho[2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.14]' 2-isopropenylnaphtho[ 2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.15], 5-hydroxydehydro-iso-a-Iapachone [2.16], 3-hydroxymethylfuro[3,2-b ]naphtho[2,3-d]furan-5,10-dione [2.17], and 9- hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylfuro[3,2-b ]naphtho[2,3-d]furan-5,10-dione [2.18]. Compounds 2.10-2.12 are new, showing selective activity towards DNA repair-deficient yeast mutants. The selective DNA damaging activity of known compounds 2.13-2.16 is reported herein for the first time. Compounds 2.17 and 2.18 also show DNA damaging activity, and possess a novel fused ring system.

The bioactive sterols ergosta-5-24(28)-diene-3β,7α-diol [3.1] and 24,28- epoxyergost-5-ene-3β,7α-diol [3.2], originally isolated from Pseudobersama mossambicensis, have been synthesized from stigmasterol. In addition to these sterols, some of their analogs were prepared, and the bioactivity of all compounds were assessed.

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