Title page for ETD etd-11112010-190835

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Miller, Carla Denise
Author's Email Address cdmiller@vt.edu
URN etd-11112010-190835
Title Predictors of Drug Treatment Completion Among Black Women: A Black Feminist Intersectionality Approach
Degree PhD
Department Sociology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Agozino, Onwubiko Committee Chair
Graves, Ellington T. Committee Member
Harrison, Anthony Kwame Committee Member
Holmes, Bernadette J. Committee Member
  • Intersectionality
  • black feminism
  • and Afrocentrism
Date of Defense 2010-10-10
Availability restricted

This study used a national sample of substance abuse treatment centers to analyze predictors of drug treatment completion among a sample of black women compared to white women, white men, and black men. Data are drawn from the Treatment Episode Data Set - Discharges (TEDS-D) 2006, which is representative of treatment programs in 42 states and the District of Columbia. The sample consisted of black (n= 356,701) and whites (n=926,216). Results indicated that race, gender, and level of education (social class variable) all had statistically significant associations with drug treatment completion. That is, when compared to all the other respondents in the study, (i.e., black men, white women, and white males) black women were less likely to complete drug treatment. This study also found that blacks were underrepresented in drug treatment programs when compared to whites. This disparity is even more prevalent for black women. Overall, analyzing group differences in treatment outcomes and sociodemographic characteristics, black women appeared to be socioeconomically worse off than black men, white women, and white men. In fact, black women had significantly lower rates of employment and were almost twice as likely to report that their income source was from public assistance. Black women were less likely to be married, employed full-time, and were significantly more likely to report using cocaine or crack at the time of admission and indicate that cocaine or crack was their problem drug. Finally, when compared to other groups, black women were less educated, had lower drug treatment completion outcomes, were more likely to receive public assistance, and have lower employment rates. Again, these findings are not surprising and are consistent with a multitude of literature on drug treatment outcomes.

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