Title page for ETD etd-11142012-040035

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author De La Torre, Mary McCarter
URN etd-11142012-040035
Title Maternal anthropometric measures and nutrient intake during the second trimester of pregnancy of normal weight and overweight gravidas
Degree Master of Science
Department Human Nutrition and Foods
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Taper, L. Janette Committee Chair
Johnson, Janet M. Committee Member
Rogers, Cosby Steele Committee Member
  • Malnutrition in pregnancy.
Date of Defense 1985-12-05
Availability restricted
Height, skinfold, and circumference measurements were obtained from

29 normal weight and 17 overweight (>110% of desirable weight for

height) healthy pregnant women every four weeks during their second

trimester of pregnancy. The mean weight gain and food intake values

were not significantly different for both groups. Measurements

increased at a greater rate for the normal weight gravidas than for the

overweight gravidas in almost every case. For both groups, increases in

fat stores were greater in the central sites than in the peripheral

sites. No clear relationship between age, prepregnant weight, and weight

gain during the second trimester with the birthweight of the baby was

found. The infant birthweights of both groups were at an optimal level

( >2500 grams) except for one (born to the mother 151% of her desirable

weight for height). The similarity in results for the two groups is

greatly due to there not being a large enough difference in prepregnant

weights between the two groups. Nevertheless, the results do lend

support to a 20 to 30 pound weight gain for an optimal outcome of

pregnancy for healthy pregnant women with a wide range of prepregnancy

weights. Those women 150% or more of their desirable weight for height

may need to gain on the lower end of the spectrum due to their excess

endogenous reserves and to possible harm to the fetus with large gains.

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