Title page for ETD etd-11997-152912

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Kutintara, Benjamas
Author's Email Address benjamas@vt.edu
URN etd-11997-152912
Title Residential Interior Environments of Retired Government Employees in Thailand
Degree Master of Science
Department Housing, Interior Design, and Resource Management
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Beamish, Julia O. Committee Chair
McLain-Kark, Joan H. Committee Member
Scott-Webber, Lennie Committee Member
  • home
  • Thai
  • older adult
  • safety
  • usability
  • interior design
Date of Defense 1997-11-19
Availability unrestricted
The purpose of this study was to explain the safety and usability problems in

the residential interior environment of Thai older adults. A sample of 163 retired

government employees who live in Bangkok, Thailand were asked to complete a self-administered

questionnaire which included questions about housing characteristics,

interior environment features, personal information, health condition, and activity level.

The mean age of the older adults was 68.1 and ranged from 60 to 93 years. The data

were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, and means as descriptive statistics

and one-way analyses of variance.

The findings revealed that most of the Thai older adults had lived in their own

two story detached houses more than ten years and with their family members. The

majority of the respondents had vision problems, but almost all could easily perform

activities of daily living by themselves and half of them could easily perform

instrumental activities of daily living by themselves. Problematic interior

environmental features in each area of the home were identified and prioritized.

When respondents were divided by age group, significant differences appeared in the

degree of difficulty with two safety and usability features in the home. Divided by daily

activity levels, respondents revealed significant differences in the degree of difficulty

associated with eight safety and usability features. When the homes were broken

down to five categories: entrance and stairs, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and other

interior features of the house, it was these other interior features that seemed to have

the most problems in safety and usability. The kitchen had the most problems in

safety and usability when compared to other rooms. Based on these findings, design

recommendations for Thai housing were developed.

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