Title page for ETD etd-12132011-135151


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Cochran, Travis
Author's Email Address cochrant@vt.edu
URN etd-12132011-135151
Title Ultra Low Power Wake-up Receiver with Unique Node Addressing for Wireless Sensor Nodes
Degree Master of Engineering
Department Electrical and Computer Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ha, Dong S. Committee Chair
Schaumont, Patrick Robert Committee Member
Yang, Yaling Committee Member
Keywords
  • serial code detector
  • wireless sensor network
  • ultra-low power
  • wake-up receiver
Date of Defense 2011-12-06
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Power consumption and battery life are of critical importance for medical implant devices. For this reason, devices for Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) applications must consume very little power. To save power, it is desirable to turn off or put to sleep a device when not in use. However, a transceiver, which is the most power hungry block of a wireless sensor node, needs to listen for the incoming signal continuously. An alternative scheme, is to listen for the incoming signal at a predetermined internal, which saves power at the cost of increased latency. Another and more sophisticated scheme is to provide a wake-up receiver, which listens for the incoming signal continuously, and upon detection of an incoming signal, it wakes the primary transceiver up. A wake-up receiver is typically simple and dissipates little power to make the scheme useful.

This thesis proposes a low-power wake-up receiver, which listens for a wake-up signal, identifies the target node, and wakes up the primary receiver only when that specific node is called upon. When a wake up signal is transmitted to all of the nodes on a network, our wake-up receiver allows all the nodes on a network except the targeted node to remain asleep to save power. Several wake-up receiver topologies have been proposed. This work uses a passive Cockcroft-Walton multiplier circuit as an RF envelope detector followed by a simple detector circuit. A novel serial code detector is then used to decode the pulse width modulated input signal to wake-up the designated node. A passive RF front end and simple decoding circuit reduce power consumption substantially at the cost of low sensitivity. The sensitivity of the wake-up receiver can be improved though the addition of an RF amplifier, but at the cost of increased power consumption.

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