Title page for ETD etd-12232009-020509

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Gollapudi, Sridhar
URN etd-12232009-020509
Title Sapphire optical fibers :splicing and sensing applications
Degree Master of Science
Department Electrical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Claus, Richard O. Committee Chair
Desu, Seshu B. Committee Member
Elshabini-Riad, Aicha A. Committee Member
Murphy, Kent A. Committee Member
  • Sapphires
Date of Defense 1992-10-15
Availability restricted

Fiber optic sensors fabricated from standard silica fibers have many advantages over conventional sensors like small size, portability, durability and immunity to electromagnetic fields. Unfortunately, these sensors are not suitable for use in harsh environments where the temperatures are greater than 700°C and large working stresses are involved. Sapphire fiber-based sensors present an attractive alternative for use in such environments. The material properties of sapphire like high melting point, extreme hardness and relative imperviousness to chemical reactions, coupled with the advantages of optical fiber sensing, enhance the performance of these sensors for rugged use. Unfortunately, commercial sapphire fiber that is currently available has higher optical attenuation than silica fiber and is costlier. 0, it is prudent to use a small length of sapphire fiber as a sensor head, which is then spliced to a standard singlen10de silica fiber which acts a lead-in/lead-out fiber to the sapphire sensor head. This thesis investigates possible splicing techniques to fabricate such a sensor set-up. Comparative results from experiments performed on splices that have been obtained by each of these techniques, are presented. Furthermore, two different sensor configurations using a sapphire fiber, spliced to a silica fiber, are developed, and the results of preliminary tests are presented.

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