Title page for ETD etd-4798-175245

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Ali, Dina Fathi
Author's Email Address hassouna@vt.edu
URN etd-4798-175245
Title Case Study of Development of the Peripheral Coastal Area of South Sinai in Relation to its Bedouin Community
Degree Master of Urban and Regional Planning
Department Urban Affairs and Planning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Dyck, Robert G. Committee Chair
Mayer, Judith Committee Member
Rash, J. E. Committee Member
  • bedouins
  • south sinai
  • marginalization
  • international tourism in peripheral regions
  • land-use changes
Date of Defense 1998-04-23
Availability unrestricted
The peripheral region of South Sinai in Egypt is

experiencing large-scale tourism development on the Gulf of

Aqaba coast. Its Bedouin community is facing great

challenges in its struggle for livelihood and

transformation from a pastoral and fishing community to

an urbanized one. This case study employs a political

ecology approach to examine development on the coast

in relation to its Bedouin community. The study revealed

that the contextual sources of rapid development beginning

in 1986 included urban, economic, and national defense

policies; increased integration within international

tourism markets; and support from international aid agencies.

The study concluded that the tourism development boom

contributes to Bedouin marginalization. Bedouin livelihood

no longer depends on fishing and grazing as means of

subsistence as expansion of tourism resorts along the coast

has displaced other land-uses and denied Bedouin fishermen

access to the sea. Tourism resorts and tourism operations

controlled by multinational corporations leave little

economic benefits to local Bedouins who engage in marginal

tourism-related activities. Migrant entrepreneurs from

other parts of Egypt compete with Bedouins over work

opportunities. Regional and local plans point to

increased tourism development and in-migration. This will

result in further marginalization of Bedouins if

development planning does not consider Bedouin interests.

This research comes at a critical time to address some of

the issues related to Bedouin marginalization and to

recommend alternative development approaches and Bedouin

community-based projects. It sets the stage for further

research on regional development of South Sinai; the role

of national parks in sustaining Bedouins; and future role

of civil society.

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