Title page for ETD etd-6397-145315

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Basik, Kevin J.
Author's Email Address kbasik@vt.edu
URN etd-6397-145315
Title Small-Group Leader Assignment: Effects Across Different Degrees of Task Interdependence
Degree Master of Science
Department Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Facteau, Jeffrey D.
Gustafson, Sigrid B.
Foti, Roseanne J. Committee Chair
  • Legitimacy
  • Teams
  • Groups
  • Task
  • Leader
  • Assignment
Date of Defense 1997-06-24
Availability unrestricted

The use of teams and work groups in organizations has become

increasingly more popular in the last decade. Within each of

these groups, a leadership role must be filled in order for

the team to achieve its task. This study posited that the

method by which the leader comes into this role may have a

direct impact on the group's performance and its perceptions

of the group's interpersonal processes and efficiency,

satisfaction with the group, satisfaction with the group

output, and support for the leader. In addition, the

influence of leader assignment was expected to change based

on the level of interdependence required by the task. One

hundred forty-eight subjects were assigned to one of four

conditions in a 2X2 design (appointed vs. elected leaders

X high vs. low interdependence task), and were asked to fill

out a questionnaire upon completion of their task. Results

found that the higher level of interdependence was

significantly related to more favorable ratings of Perceived

Group Efficiency ( F =6.89, p <.05) and Satisfaction with

Group Output ( F =7.69, p <.05). Possible limitations and

future research opportunities are addressed.

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