Title page for ETD etd-04072010-020146
|Type of Document
||Jones, Ronald K.
||Maize dwarf mosaic virus :purification, some physical properties, and yield of virus from several corn hybrids
|Tolin, Sue A.
|Fox, J. A.
|Genter, C. F.
|Hale, Maynard G.
|Roane, Curtis W.
|Stipes, R. Jay
|Date of Defense
To better understand the nature of maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV)
and its interaction with susceptible and resistant corn hybrids, the
purification of MDMV and its physical properties were re-evaluated and
a rapid assay procedure was developed.
The virus was purified by chloroform clarification and differential
and sucrose density-gradient centrifugation. Corn tissue was homogenized
in 0.1 M sodium citrate plus 0.5% mercaptoethanol. The virus was resuspended
after high speed centrifugation in 0.005 M sodium citrate,
pH 7.0. Purified virus has an ultraviolet absorption spectrum typical
for filamentous viruses having 5% RNA, shows birefringence, has an
A260/280 of 1.18, and a sedimentation coefficient of 160-162 S. The
virus is filamentous and appears to be a member of the potato virus Y
group. A yield of 9.0-23.0 llg of virus/g fresh weigh.t of field-grown,
mechanically inoculated Hy X Cl03 was determined by analytical sucrose
density-gradient centrifugation. This represents a yield of purified
virus of approximately 25% of that in the clarified sap. Results
obtained from the density-gradient analysis were comparable to but more
sensitive than those from the microprecipitin test and a systemic
infectivity assay. The systemic infectivity assay on corn, analyzed by
maximum likelihood and log log transformation, showed a yield of purified
virus of 0.4% of that in the crude sap.
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