Title page for ETD etd-07122010-233742

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Zhang, Zhenyu
Author's Email Address zyzhang@vt.edu
URN etd-07122010-233742
Title Thermo-Mechanical Behavior of Polymer Composites Exposed to Fire
Degree PhD
Department Engineering Science and Mechanics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Case, Scott W. Committee Chair
Hendricks, Scott L. Committee Member
Lattimer, Brian Y. Committee Member
Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L. Committee Member
Thangjitham, Surot Committee Member
  • Compressive Failure
  • Thermo-Mechanical Behavior
  • Fire
  • Polymer Composites
  • Finite Element Analysis
Date of Defense 2010-06-29
Availability unrestricted
One of the most critical issues for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) in naval applications is the structural performance of composites at high temperature such as that experienced in a fire. A three-dimensional model including the effect of orthotropic viscoelasticity and decomposition is developed to predict the thermo-mechanical behavior and compressive failure of polymer matrix composites (PMCs) subjected to heat and compressive load. An overlaid element technique is proposed for incorporating the model into commercial finite element software ABAQUS. The technique is employed with the user subroutines to provide practicing engineers a convenient tool to perform analysis and design studies on composite materials subjected to combined fire exposure and mechanical loading.

The resulting code is verified and validated by comparing its results with other numerical results and experimentally measured data from the one-sided heating of composites at small (coupon) scale and intermediate scale. The good agreement obtained indicates the capability of the model to predict material behavior for different composite material systems with different fiber stacking sequences, different sample sizes, and different combined thermo-mechanical loadings.

In addition, an experimental technique utilizing Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) is developed to manufacture PMCs with a hypodermic needle inserted for internal pressure measurement. One-sided heating tests are conducted on the glass/vinyl ester composites to measure the pressure at different locations through thickness during the decomposition process. The model is employed to simulate the heating process and predict the internal pressure due to the matrix decomposition. Both predicted and measured results indicate that the range of the internal pressure peak in the designed test is around 1.1-1.3 atmosphere pressure.

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