Type of Document Dissertation Author Gratias, Melissa B. Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-08072000-14030039 Title Leader Effectiveness among Patterns of Personality Types and Creativity Styles Degree PhD Department Psychology Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Foti, Roseanne J. Committee Chair Cooper, Robin K. Panneton Committee Member Donovan, John J. Committee Member Hauenstein, Neil M. A. Committee Member Singh, Kusum Committee Member Keywords
- Psychological Type
- Creative Style
- Leadership Effectiveness
Date of Defense 2000-07-10 Availability unrestricted Abstract
In the current study, a person-centered approach was taken to the examination of the relation between leader effectiveness and personality preferences. Type Theory and Adaption-Innovation Theory precepts were examined in tandem using cluster analytic techniques in order to discover whether past variable-centered findings relating these two theories would generalize to a person-centered examination. Eight patterns were hypothesized to emerge from the cluster analysis based on past correlational research, and three of these patterns were present in the seven-cluster solution.
Leader effectiveness was measured in terms of multisource ratings on Benchmarks™. Hypotheses were proposed based on past variable-centered research examining the relations between Jungian personality types and self, superior, peer, and subordinate ratings of leader effectiveness. Some support was found for the variable-centered predictions, but the pattern-focused approach provided insight into the dynamics of the five personality preferences examined as well as suggested that indicators other than what would be predicted based on variable-centered studies may contribute to perceptions of leader effectiveness. Overall, the results of this study show that, taken together, variable and person-centered approaches to research may help strengthen the sometimes fragile relationship between personality and leader effectiveness.
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