Title page for ETD etd-10242005-124133
|Type of Document
||Al-Ghazzawi, Ziad D.
||Enhanced petroleum-contaminated soil bioremediation by plants
|Novak, John T.
|Benoit, Robert E.
|Dietrich, Andrea M.
|Michelsen, Donald L.
|Randall, Clifford W.
|Date of Defense
A petroleum-contaminated soil remediation study was conducted in a
greenhouse. The system consisted of 36 pots, 12 were vegetated with squash, 12 were
vegetated with fescue grass and the last 12 units served as unvegetated controls. For
each group, three treatments were applied, 1) the addition of single dose of nutrients,
2) the addition of double dose of nutrients and 3) the addition of double dose of
nutrients and acclimated bacteria to the irrigation water. The two plants were selected
to represent extremely different species in terms of transpiration potential and root
density in order to better understand the mechanisms involved in phytoremediation.
Clay sandy soil (3: 1, by weight) was spiked with Fuel oil No.2 and allowed to weather
for 1 week before it was placed in the pots. Under all study treatments, units vegetated
with fescue grass had significantly less TPH concentration than the unvegetated
controls after 10 weeks. Units vegetated with squash had significantly less TPH
concentration than the un vegetated controls after 10 weeks only under treatment 3.
Squash significantly accumulated TPH in the shoot under all treatments while grass
shoot accumulated TPH significantly only under treatment 1. The mechanisms most
important in phytoremediation seemed to include plant uptake of TPH, desorption and
enhanced bioavailability by transpiration-induced water movement in the rhizosphere
and root stimulation of microbial degradation.
|| Approximate Download Time
| 28.8 Modem
|| 56K Modem
|| ISDN (64 Kb)
|| ISDN (128 Kb)
|| Higher-speed Access
next to an author's name indicates that all
files or directories associated with their ETD
are accessible from the Virginia Tech campus network only.
If you have questions or technical
problems, please Contact DLA.