Title page for ETD etd-12042009-020043

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Yang, Bin
URN etd-12042009-020043
Title Life stress, social support, and problem-solving skills in depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation for an Asian student population : a test of a model
Degree Master of Science
Department Clinical Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Clum, George A. Jr. Committee Chair
Jones, Russell T. Committee Member
Ollendick, Thomas H. Committee Member
  • Suicide
  • Depression
  • Asian students
Date of Defense 1992-10-31
Availability unrestricted
The present study tested a stress-problem-solving and stress social

support etiological model for depression, hopelessness, and

suicide ideation for a group of Asian foreign students in the United

states. Problem-solving skills and social support were hypothesized as

two mediators between life stress and dependent variables, such as

depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation. The results from a

series of stepwise regression analyses and a path analysis supported

the hypothesis. The results were also compared with other significant

studies in this area and similar findings from cross cultures were

addressed. The important role of social support and problem-solving

confidence in depression and hopelessness were discussed. The results

also suggest that depression and hopelessness may be two separate and

complementary pathways in the etiology of suicide ideation. In

addition, two new measures for life stress and social support for this

specific population were designed and employed in the study.

Satisfactory psychometric properties of these two new scales were

indicated, including test-retest reliability, internal consistency,

concurrent validity, incremental validity, and construct validity.

Results from factor analysis and regression analyses for factors of the

new scales were also discussed in relation to depression, hopelessness,

and suicide ideation. Given the correlational nature of the study, some

precautions regarding how to interpret the results were discussed.

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