Title page for ETD etd-3345131939761081

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Walker, Gordon James
URN etd-3345131939761081
Title Conceptual Development and Empirical Testing of an Outdoor Recreation Experience Model: The Recreation Experience Matrix (REM)
Degree PhD
Department Forestry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Hull, Robert Bruce IV Committee Co-Chair
Roggenbuck, Joseph W. Committee Co-Chair
Hertel, Bradley R. Committee Member
Kiecolt, K. Jill Committee Member
Williams, Daniel R. Committee Member
  • recreation experience matrix
  • recreation experience preference scales
  • outdoor recreation
  • recreation opportunity spectrum
Date of Defense 1997-03-31
Availability unrestricted
This dissertation examines four issues, including: (a) whether outdoor recreation experiences not included in the Recreation Experience Preference (REP) scales exist; (b) whether these experiences can be categorized using a framework called the Recreation Experience Matrix (REM); (c) how well the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) variables of activity, setting, and expertise explain the types of experiences outdoor recreationists receive; and (d) how well two new variables--primary mode and mode dependence--explain the types of experiences outdoor recreationists receive. In order to address these issues, an on-site questionnaire was distributed at Mount Rogers National Recreation Area in Virginia during October and November, 1995

A total of 410 people completed this questionnaire. Of these, 336 provided useable addresses for a follow-up mail-out questionnaire, with 169 (50.3%) actually returning it. After performing a variety of statistical analyses, it was found that: (a) some outdoor recreationists did report having non-REP experiences involving identity, cognition, absorption, and self-concept; (b) indirect support does exist for classifying outdoor recreation experiences using the REM framework; and (c) the ROS variables of activity, setting, and expertise,

do explain some outdoor recreation experiences, as do the new variables of primary mode and mode dependence.

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