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Dukhong Kim

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Democratization in South Korea during 1979-1987

Date of defense:
May 28, 1997

Document Type:
Master's Thesis

Master of Arts

Political Science


Most scholars who study the transition from authoritarian regimes to democratic ones use an actor- oriented approach, and assume four major actors participate in the negotiated transition. They explain the results of such transitions by analyzing the strategic interactions of these four major actors. If the configuration of actors and their interactions differ from one case to another, then those differences need to be explained. The case of South Korean democratization differs from democratization in other countries in two major respects. First, without significant division within the regime, the opposition bloc can manage to make a transition to democracy by maintaining coordination between the social movements and the moderate opposition party. Second, the U.S. played an important role in the process of negotiation. The negotiated transition model offers no account for the participation of a third party, and it fails to cast light on the participation of the U.S. in the Korean democratization process. This shortcoming can be solved by complementing the negotiated transition model with the mediation model in which the role of a third party can be addressed. Owing to U.S. mediation, the dynamics of negotiated transition changed in the Korean transition to democracy.

Democratization, Negotiated Transition, Mediated Transition, South Korea

In a year

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List of attached files

File NameSize (Bytes)
chapter1.pdf24,119 Bytes
chapter2.pdf118,996 Bytes
chapter3.pdf178,091 Bytes
chapter4.pdf30,378 Bytes
cover.pdf9,725 Bytes
references.pdf28,890 Bytes
vita.pdf4,229 Bytes

Date item approved:

Archiving fee received.

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