Communications Project

Document Type:Dissertation
Name:William T. Cousins
Title:The Dynamics of Stall and Surge Behavior in Axial-Centrifugal Compressors
Degree:Doctor of Philosophy
Department:Mechanical Engineering
Committee Chair: Walter F. O'Brien
Committee Members:Eugene F. Brown
Milt W. Davis, Jr.
Wing F. Ng
Joseph A. Schetz
Keywords:unsteady-flow, axial, centrifugal, measurement, aerodynamic, jet engines
Date of defense:December 2, 1997
Availability:Release the entire work immediately worldwide.


The phenomena of stall and surge in axial-centrifugal compressors is investigated through high-response measurements of both the pressure field and the flowfield throughout the surge cycle. A unique high-response forward-facing and aft-facing probe provides flow information. Several axial-centrifugal compressors are examined, both in compressor rigs and engines. Extensive discussion is presented on the differences in axial and centrifugal rotors and their effect on the system response characteristics. The loading parameters of both are examined and data is presented that shows the increased tolerance of the centrifugal stage to instability. The dynamics of the compressor blade response are shown to be related to the transport time of a fluid particle moving through a blade passage. The data presented provides new insight into the dynamic interactions that occur prior to and during stall and surge. In addition, the inception of rotating stall and the inception of surge are shown to be the same phenomena . An analytical dynamic model (DYNTECC) is applied to one of the compression systems and the results are compared to data. The results show that the model can capture the global effects of rotating stall and surge. The data presented, along with the analytical results, provide useful information for the design of active and passive stall control systems.

List of Attached Files


The author grants to Virginia Tech or its agents the right to archive and display their thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in the University Libraries in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all proprietary rights, such as patent rights. The author also retains the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis or dissertation.