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Fermion Quantum Field Theory In Black-hole Spacetimes


Syed Alwi B. Ahmad

PhD Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Tech in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy




Lay Nam Chang, Chair
M. Blecher
T. Mizutani
B.K. Dennison
T. Takeuchi

April 18, 1997
Blacksburg, Virginia


The need to construct a fermion quantum field theory in black-hole spacetimes is an acute one. The study of gravitational collapse necessitates the need of such. In this dissertation, we construct the theory of free fermions living on the static Schwarzschild black-hole and the rotating Kerr black-hole. The construction capitalises upon the fact that both black-holes are stationary axisymmetric solutions to Einstein's equation. A factorisability ansatz is developed whereby simple quantum modes can be found, for such stationary spacetimes with azimuthal symmetry. These modes are then employed for the purposes of a canonical quantisation of the corresponding fermionic theory. At the same time, we suggest that it may be impossible to extend a quantum field theory continuously across an event horizon. This split of a quantum field theory ensures the thermal character of the Hawking radiation. In our case, we compute and prove that the spectrum of neutrinos emitted from a black-hole via the Hawking process is indeed thermal. We also study fermion scattering amplitudes off the Schwarzschild black-hole.

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