Scholarly Communications Project

Finite Element Analysis of Adiabatic Shear Bands in Impact and Penetration Problems


John Boyet Stevens

Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Tech in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Master of Science


Engineering Science and Mechanics


Prof. Romesh C. Batra, Chair
Prof. Ronald D. Kriz, Co-Chair
Prof. Werner Kohler

November 22, 1996
Blacksburg, Virginia


We study axisymmetric deformations of depleted uranium (DU) and tungsten heavy alloy (WHA) rods impacting at normal incidence both a rigid, planar target and a thick, deformable steel target. Each deformable material is modeled as elastic thermoviscoplastic; the flow stress increases with an increase in the effective plastic strain and effective plastic strain-rate but decreases with a rise in the temperature. An objective of this work is to ascertain when and where a shear band, defined as a narrow region of rapid, intense plastic deformation, forms in each material subject to impact loading. The Taylor impact simulations show that shear bands form earlier in WHA than in DU for the material parameters used. In the penetration simulations, shear bands form continuously in the ejecta of the DU penetrator while only one shear band occurs in the WHA ejecta followed by more uniform deformations. Note: In order to view the computer animations referenced in this thesis, one must have a QuickTime movie player and download the files named and from the same directory the "pdf" file resides in.

List of attached files

File NameSize (Bytes)
Ujce.mov3,931,024 Bytes
Uz2e.mov3,869,329 Bytes
Uz3e.mov4,192,560 Bytes
Wjce.mov3,970,353 Bytes
Wz2e.mov2,955,895 Bytes
Wz3e.mov1,484,309 Bytes
stevens.pdf2,883,663 Bytes

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